Canakkale Battle



There are many-many website that give much detail on the Battle of Gallipoli of World War I. This website however is not going to re-explain what many others have already explained. The purpose of this page is to very briefly outline the main causes that eventually led to the Battle of Gallıpolı. Generally, and by not going into much deeper technical and theoretical detail, we will briefly outline the main causes of the Battle of Gallıpolı, in which Major Halis had served. As a result, you may then have a slightly better sense of understanding as to what 'battle' Major Halis has served.

Nationalism... Colonial Rivalries... Military Buildup... Imperialistic agendas... Economic Interests...

These are only just a few elements in which were the main causes of the first World War.

In the 1800's Nationalism flourished all throughout Europe. It brought unity to some nations and disunity to others. People in Britain and France felt great pride in there respective nations.

Other ethnic-groups such as the Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire were still struggling to win political independence. Nationalism created tensions between France and Germany.

Nationalistic feelings were also present in Italy. Colonial Rivalries were another element.

Events outside Europe contributed to growing tensions as well and colonial rivalries were resulted due to imperialistic practices. Military buildup was especially evident in the naval rivalries between Britain and Germany. All European nations competed for power and prestige by enlarging there armies.

Economic interests were also in competition with one another. Again, these are yet a few elements that lead to a bloody World War I.

The Ottoman Empire's greatest challenge was of course, defending the great Empire against the imperialists. In 1915, once Enver Pasha of the Ottoman Empire made the decision for the Ottomans to join the Triple Alliance, the British and her allies just days later devised a plan to capture the Dardanelles - the strategic vital straits that connects the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. At the time, the Dardanelles were controlled by the Ottoman Empire. The British and her allies believed that by seizing the Dardanelles, they could then take Istanbul. Such a victory would improve links with Russia and free the Balkans, which were occupied by the Central Powers. This imperialistic scheme eventually lead to the Battle of Gallipoli - the battle in which Major Halis served. British and French troops (to name a few) landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915, where they met some stiff Turkish defensive resistance. Almost a year of fighting, with huge casualties, the British and her allies had to withdraw from Gallipoli after a heavy pound by the hard-hitting Turks.